Where Are Special Education Services Provided?
August 01, 2012
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires states to establish procedures to assure, "that to the maximum extent appropriate," children with disabilities are educated with children who are nondisabled. Removal of handicapped children from the regular educational environment is permitted only when the nature or severity of the handicap is such that education in the regular class, with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily. This statutory standard is the starting point for any school district attempting to meet the education needs of students with disabilities.
A. Regular Education Classes with Collaboration/Consultation Services
Collaboration/consultation services focus on special educators and general educators working together to best meet the needs of exceptional children as well as children who may be "at risk". Each building operates an Intervention Assistance Team (IAT) to promote cooperative teacher planning in order to individualize learning experiences and to effectively integrate resources, which would positively impact the child's educational program.
B. Individual/Small Group
The Individual/Small Group Instruction program services students who are enrolled in the regular classroom in one or more academic areas, to help increase their benefit from regular class placement. This is supplemental instruction (no grade is given) which focuses on helping students become independent in the "process" of learning through the use of compensatory strategies, intervention support, and study/organizational techniques.
C. Learning Center
The Learning Center serves children whose disability requires a special education program on a part-time or full time basis. Participation in the child's regular education activities is encouraged. The Learning Center provides a modified regular education curriculum that is not offered in regular education classrooms.
D. Special Class
The Special Class serves students who are academically unable to participate in the regular education classroom for a variety of reasons. The curriculum used in these classes is based solely on the needs of the students. In many cases the students are provided a functional, alternate curriculum that meets their individual needs. However, in some instances, students may be provided a modified regular education curriculum.
E. Separate Facility
A Separate Facility is a school that is designed specifically for students with disabilities.
F. Home Instruction
Home instruction is an individualized education program provided to a child with a disability, which prevents the child from attending a regular or special program even with the aid of special transportation.
G. Institutions and Hospitals
Some children with disabilities are so ill that they are confined to hospitals or institutions for long periods of time. In these cases, instruction is provided to those individuals in that setting.